PWA has been around for quite some time now, they have gained immense popularity as they're the earliest form of client-side storage. This ability provides mobile users with a similar experience compared to those of Native apps. As far as organizations are concerned, besides ranking the App on search engines, the PWA framework works everywhere. Promising a powerful, app-like browsing experience for tech-savvy shoppers.
Due to the availability of several options, the first task in PWAs development comes in the form of deciding on which framework to use. Before zeroing in on the most suitable PWA framework it is advisable to evaluate the pros and cons of each.
Some of the most prevalent PWA Frameworks out there in the industry now are :
- Large community supported by Facebook, which owns and maintains the code.
- Developing apps using React offers a high degree of flexibility and easy scalability
- The same code can be used for Native as well as web apps
- A moderately linear learning curve compared to other frameworks
- Rendering is speedy with Virtual-DOM
- The framework is more programmer oriented as it requires knowledge of JSX
- A high degree of flexibility often poses issues.
- Lack of clearly defined methodology for implementation as the community is relatively new and still evolving.
- Migrating from Angular JS requires a complete rewrite using JSX
- Large community and extensive support as it is maintained by Google.
- Established and defined methodology for implementation
- MVC framework
- Latest versions having a smaller learning curve as a result of CLI
- Comes with Typescript and IntelliSense
- Older versions requiring high-level expertise to handle.
- Steeper learning curve, as one has to learn Typescript in order to work on it
- Complex as compared to some of the other frameworks
Introduced in 2013 as an open-source SDK, Ionic, which is based on the Angular framework and Apache Cordova, has been used for developing over 5 million hybrid apps and has an extensive library of components for both iOS and Android. Ionic allows developers to create web pages that run inside the browser of a device using WebView, which essentially renders web pages so that they resemble a native app.
- A shorter learning curve as it can be used by anyone familiar with web technologies and Angular
- Reduces the cost of development as it is free and Open Source
- Easy maintenance using debugging tools and built-in browser instruments
- Large library of plug-ins for accessing APIs without the need for coding
- Being popular for hybrid app development has resulted in its building a huge community of active users
- Frequent updates require a reworking of the existing app to reflect the latest changes
An Open Source framework developed by Google, Polymer offers an extensive range of tools, templates and web components that simplify the process of a PWA development. It uses pure JS/HTML/CSS, making it an independent PWA framework.
- A wide base of components, including web components that work across many browsers
- Full web app stack support, including data tier, routing, and responsive layouts
- Excellent documentation covering all phases of the app development
- Easy to understand API
- Browser embedded development tools curtailing the need for special debugging tools
- Absence of server-side rendering results in high reloading time, low SEO-friendliness and increased HTTP requests
Currently, Vue in possession of one of the fastest-growing libraries due to its high-speed rendering and simplicity of coding is growing in popularity among developers. Like React, Vue is a progressive web app framework that allows scaling of the project with the addition of extra packages.
- The simplicity of the code reduces the learning curve for new developers
- Supported by Alibaba and Laravel, it is slowly gaining popularity to become the preferred PWA framework of many big players.
- Its structure is simple and features many concepts from the React and Angular 1 frameworks
- Speedy rendering using Virtual-DOM
- Extremely flexible to set up using JSX and Typescript
- It has a very small support team since it is owned by a single person in comparison to React and Angular, which is owned and supported by big players.
- It requires a significant amount of conversion in the legacy code from the existing Angular 1.5
- The extreme flexibility in its structure sometimes poses threats
In the end, the decision on which Progressive Web App framework to use for your app depends on the skill and expertise of your developers. With the frequency of updates every few months being high, the choice of a specific framework doesn't matter as much as the ease of updating the app. At Technogrips, a leading mobile app development company, our team of developers has experience in working on diverse Progressive Web Apps frameworks for app development and maintenance as this expertise comes from having helped many clients from across the globe develop hundreds of mobile and cross-platform apps.